Sunday, July 7, 2024




The hybrid version of Hyundai’s popular Sonata has come a long way since the 2011 model kicked off the seventh-generation of the South Korean company’s midsize sedan.

A mid-cycle refreshing gives the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid a more striking exterior and an interior that flirts with luxury status. The cabin is packed with lots of tech features that operate off a new 12.3-inch center touchscreen and include wireless Apple CarPlay and Android Auto.

Updated front and rear bumpers, a new grille and larger air intakes, and a spoiler-shaped trunk lid with black trim are among features that give the exterior a sporty appearance that should help draw customers back to a segment that at one time seemed to be fading in popularity.

Hyundai has tinkered with the various trims, junking the SE that once served as the base and also discontinuing the turbocharged 1.6-liter 4-cylinder engine. The SEL now serves as the base and is available with either a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gas engine or a hybrid drivetrain.

The N Line with a turbocharged 2.5L 4-banger is targeted at performance enthusiasts and rates at 290 hp and 311 lb.-ft. of torque while the top-of-the-line Limited trim, which this review is based on, comes with a gas-electric drivetrain pairing a 2.0L gas engine and electric motor for 192 combined horsepower and 151 lb.-ft. of torque.

Mated with a 6-speed automatic transmission, the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited delivers eye-popping fuel numbers of 44 miles-per-gallon city, 51 highway, and 47 combined. According to the government, that gives the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid a range of over 600 miles between fill-ups, though real-world operation is more like in the 500-mile bracket.

The tradeoff is a lackluster zero-to-60-mph clocking approaching 8-plus seconds, but when set in Sport mode instead of Normal or Eco, the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid acts, or reacts, well enough in daily traffic.

As is customary with Limited trim models, the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited comes with a long line of standard features. 

In addition to Apple CarPlay and Android Auto mentioned earlier, comfort and convenience features include proximity key entry and push-button start, Smart Parking assist, a panoramic sunroof, leather-trimmed seats, memory seat settings for the driver, Bose Premium sound with 12 speakers, dual automatic climate control, a 12.3-inch instrument cluster, and Smart (adaptive) cruise control.

The large touchscreen provides a nice wide map for the included navigation system.

Standard safety features include blind-spot collision warning, forward collision avoidance assist, rear parking collision avoidance, a blind-spot monitor (activated by your turn signal), and a surround view monitor that provides a spectacular view of your entire vehicle and its surroundings.

The 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid rides on 17-inch wheels and front-wheel drive is standard. If you want all-wheel propulsion, you’ll have to pick a model with the 2.5L gasoline engine.

The 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited sits at the top of the Sonata’s price range with a starting MSRP of $38,315, including the $1,115 freight charge, but with all that standard equipment your only extras are likely to be carpeted floor mats ($220) and perhaps a carog netting for the trunk ($55).

The N Line starts at $36,065 while the SEL starts at just over $30,000 ($31,115) with AWD and under $29,000 with FWD.

What I liked about the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited:
The updated design gives the Sonata a sportier exterior than the previous generations. The interior is comfortable and packed with user-friendly tech features. The surround view camera provides a wide look at rear cross traffic to help with backing out of parking spot. Fuel economy is excellent. Though it’s not a threat in a drag race, performance is satisfying for every day use. The standard 6-speed automatic transmission instead of a CVT helps in that. Trunk space is a generous 16 cubic feet.

What I didn’t like about the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited: The second row could use a skosh more legroom than the 34.8 inches offered.

Would I buy the 2024 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited? Sure would. You get the benefits of a boost from the electric motor and a generous range between fill-ups without the fu
ss of plugging it in. If you can’t stretch your budget for the Limited trim, the 2024 Hyundai Sonata SEL Hybrid is about $5,000 less.

Friday, June 21, 2024




Introduced as a 2018 model, the Hyundai Kona has grown a bit as it enters its second generation.

At 171.3 inches long, the redesigned 2024 Hyundai Kona gains about 6 inches over the 2023 model and no longer is the smallest in the South Korean automaker’s SUV fleet.

The Kona — the name is taken from a district in the Big Island of Hawaii — now slots between the larger Tucson (182.7 inches) and the Venue (159.1), which assumed the title as Hyundai’s smallest subcompact SUV when introduced in 2020.

The benefits are clear. That extra length and a slightly longer wheelbase (104.7 inches to 102.4) give the 2024 Hyundai Kona more passenger and storage space than its predecessor while still retaining the ability to squeeze into tight parking spaces.

That’s what you call win-win.

The 2024 Hyundai Kona is available in four trim levels. The base SE and upgraded SEL have a 2.0-liter 4-cylinder engine that is underpowered (147 horsepower, 132 pound-feet of torque) while the Limited, which this review is based on, and N Line models get a turbocharged 1.6L 4-cylinder engine with more respectable numbers (190/195, respectively.

Front-wheel drive is standard on all trims with all-wheel available as an option.

The 2.0L normally aspirated 4-banger is mated to a CVT (continuously variable transmission) and the turbo-4 thankfully is hooked up to an 8-speed automatic transmission.

The government says the turbo-4 with AWD drinks fuel at the rate of 24 miles-per-gallon in the city, 29 highway, and 26 combined. The SE and SEL are rated only about 1-3 mpg more efficient.

Hyundai dressed up the exterior and in addition to more space added more tech features to the interior. Passenger volume went up to 101.2 cubic feet from the 2023’s 94.1 with an increase in rear legroom to 38.5 inches from 35.2. Front legroom is virtually the same, but cargo space went up to 25.5 cubic feet behind the backseat from 19.2.

Standard features in the 2024 Hyundai Kona Limited include 19-inch alloy wheels, LED headlights, taillights, and daytime running lights, a power sunroof, and a proximity key with push-button start.

Standard comfort and convenience features include automatic dual-zone climate control, power driver’s seat with lumbar support, heated and ventilated front seats, a heated steering wheel, hands-free rear liftgate, and H-Tex seating surfaces.

Bose Premium Audio is standard, and a new 12.3-inch touchscreen includes navigation, but getting wireless Apple CarPlay or Android Auto requires you to update the system. (Lower trims without navigation include wireless operation as standard for Apple CarPlay and Android Auto.)

Standard safety systems include Smart (adaptable) Cruise Control, a surround-view camera, driver-attention warning, blind-spot warning, parking distance warning, a blind-spot view monitor (which projects an image in the instrument panel when the turn signal is activated), lane-keeping and lane-following assist, and forward collision avoidance warning.

Pricing for the 2024 Hyundai Kona starts at $23,475 for the base FWD SE trim  (including the $1,335 destination and delivery fee). FWD SEL models start at $23,285. N Line and Limited trims with FWD hover around the $30,000 mark.

All-wheel drive adds $1,500 to each trim.

My test 2024 Hyundai Kona Limited with AWD carried an MSRP of $34,485. With carpeted floor mats the only extra, the final bottom line was $34, 695. That’s a bit of a jump over the 2023 Kona Limited that started at $31,785 including freight charges, but the 2024 model takes a significant step up.
What I liked about the 2024 Hyundai Kona Limited:
Though still classified as a small SUV, it has grown a bit with this latest makeover and has the feel of a midsize both in handling and cabin space. Storage capacity with all seats in place is a generous 25.5 cubic feet and second-row passengers get 38.5 inches of legroom. Fuel economy won’t wow you but it is decent. I’m not a big fan of the Neotreric Yellow exterior (think yellow with a hint of green) on my test 2024 Hyundai Kona but it sure was easy to pick out in a large parking lot.

What I didn’t like about the 2024 Hyundai Kona Limited: This is not a deal breaker for me since I rarely take advantage of Android Auto or Apple CarPlay, but some owners have reported difficulty hooking up their devices to those systems wirelessly. You may have to download a special update to do so if your Kona has navigation. Getting picky here, but some touchscreen displays (like the various radio settings) lose the clock. Otherwise, the infotainment features are user-friendly enough. Towing is not recommended. 

Would I buy the 2024 Hyundai Kona Limited? Yes. It definitely should be on your “look list” if you want a small crossover SUV that doesn’t skimp on passenger or cargo space plus looks great sitting in your driveway. An all-electric version also is available if you are so inclined, but the Kona Hybrid (HEV) is sold only overseas.

Monday, June 17, 2024

2024 FIAT 500e



Ending a 5-year absence, Fiat is reintroducing the electrified version of its iconic 500 mini-wagon to the U.S. market with the 2024 Fiat 500e.

With its alluring Italian styling and ability to adapt to tight spaces both on the go and when parking, the 2024 Fiat 500e would seem to be an appealing option for those in the market for a small electric runabout and don’t do a lot of hauling.

But there is one issue at least I believe that may impinge on sales.

When it was last available in the U.S., the 2019 Fiat 500e’s battery provided only about 84 miles of driving range, which at the time matched up well with its competitors.

Fiat has improved that with the 2024 500e, but only to the extent that the distance between charges is just 149 miles, which is sadly lacking at a time when competitors are putting out models with ranges well over 200 and even over 300 miles and with a considerable boost in horsepower.

The 2024 Fiat 500e is rated at only 117 horsepower 162 pound-feet of torque. Fortunately, there isn’t a ton of mass to get it moving (less than 3,000 pounds) but the zero-to-60 time of 8.5 seconds still lags behind typical electric vehicles. Will, except maybe for golf carts.

The restricted range also kind of limits the role of the 2024 Fiat 500e to that of a second car in the family for daily commutes to your job or running errands (though rear storage is only 7.0 cubic feet). Forget long vacation trips.

Springing for your own private 240-volt charging source ($750 to $1,750) is a must because wait times at public outlets can be excruciatingly long, though charging times aren’t overly long once a spot becomes available.

I hooked up to a 150kW outlet when my test 2024 Fiat 500e was at 36 percent (49 miles) and it took only about 20 minutes for it to reach 70 percent (109 miles) before it shut off for some reason. Fiat claims an 85kW system can add 31 miles in just 5 minutes.

Hooking up to a 110-volt outlet at your home via the provided charging cord remains an option if you want to charge your vehicle overnight.

The 2024 Fiat 500e is available in three forms with the Red edition serving as the base. Currently, the other two versions are theme-based, Inspired by Music and Inspired by Beauty.

Beauty served as the trim for my test 2024 Fiat 500e and what it lacks in power (all models have the same powertrain) it makes up for in standard features.

They include wireless Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, a wireless charging pad, keyless entry and push-button start, a rear parking assist system, Stellantis’ UConnect5 infotainment system with navigation and a 10.25-inch touchscreen, rain-sensitive windshield wipers, and a 6-speaker audio system.

Safety features include lane-departure and blind-spot warning with cross-traffic detection, 7 airbags, traffic sign information, driver drowsiness detection, and electronic stability control.

The 2024 Fiat 500e is front-wheel drive, rides on 17-inch wheels, and can be driven in one-pedal mode, though that takes some getting used to.  (The slowing can be abrupt.) LED headlights and taillights also are standard.

Three drive modes are available. Normal is, well, normal. Range sets up one-pedal operation and Sherpa limits top
speed to 50 mph (goose it and power resets from 57 kW to 87 kW for Normal operation and a top speed of 94 mph).

The base or Red version carries a starting MSRP of $34,095. Music and Beauty both start at $37,595 including the $1,595 destination and delivery fee.

What I liked about the 2024 Fiat 500e: It was a relief to know that when I entered a parking lot I wasn’t going to have trouble finding a space big enough to fit in. Despite the mini power numbers, the 500e is kind of fun to drive. Tech features are numerous. The Italian styling does make it stand out.

What I didn’t like about the 2024 Fiat 500e:
Touchscreen commands sometimes are slow to respond to touches. The rear seat is about the smallest I have ever encountered. Rear storage space also is limited (7.0 cubic feet). Driving range is poor considering what other EVs are offering these days.

Would I buy the 2024 Fiat 500e? No. It’s too small to begin with and I want more driving range from a EV.

Monday, June 10, 2024




When it comes to automotive awards, there is no shortage of organizations, websites, magazines, and other publications singling out vehicles for special recognition.

The Detroit auto show hands out awards for International Car, Truck, and Utility Vehicle of the Year. Texas auto writers recognize the Texas Truck and SUV of the Year. And, of course, with the latest big thing in the automotive world, Green Car Journal selects a Green Car, Green SUV, and a Green Family Car of the Year.

That’s a rather small sampling of all that is out there, and manufacturers no doubt love them all.

I would like to submit a somewhat offbeat offering of my own: “Underrated Car of the Year.” My nomination is the hybrid version of the current generation Hyundai Elantra. With all the attention garnered by Toyota and Honda, it can kind of get lost in its segment.

A gas-electric hybrid drivetrain was included when the South Korean automaker redesigned the Elantra for 2021, and it remains among the six trims to choose from.

The hybrid is one of four drivetrains offered. A pokey 2.0-liter 4-cylinder serves as the standard engine (147 horsepower, 132 pound-feet of torque) for SE, SEL, and Limited models and with a couple of turbocharged  4-cylinder engines boosting power in the N Line (201 hp, 195 lb.-ft.) and N (276 hp, 289 lb.-ft.) performance models.

We are dealing today with the 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid that pairs a 1.6-liter 4-cylinder gas engine with an electric motor to deliver the most fuel-efficient Elantra. The 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid comes in two trims itself, a base Blue model that the government says sips fuel at the rate of 51 miles-per-gallon city, 58 highway, and 54 combined and a tricked-out Limited model that produces fuel numbers of 49/52/50 mpg.

The 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid is rated at only 139 horsepower, which is less than gas-engine only SE, SEL, and Limited trims. But torque — the power that gets you moving — matches the performance-oriented N Line at 195 lb.-ft.

Thankfully, Hyundai has ignored the trend of manufacturers who linkup their hybrid drive trains with a CVT (continuously variable transmission). With the 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid power is transmitted to the front wheels via a 6-speed dual clutch automatic transmission with paddle shifters.

As an HEV, the 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid does not provide much in the way of all-electric drive like a plug-in (PHEV), but is designed to give more of a power boost to the gas engine, which by itself provides only 109 pound-feet of torque. The smaller battery in the HEV does not require connecting to an outlet via a cord but is charged by he gas engine and regenerative braking.

The 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid Limited is packed with a full array of tech features. There are buttons to select functions like the radio and other systems, and adjustments work off a 10.25-inch touchscreen that includes navigation. Android Auto and Apple Bluetooth, a wireless charging pad, Hyundai’s Blue Link connective services (subscription required), a premium sound system, and Bluetooth hands-free communication system.

Dual automatic climate control, an electronic parking brake, Highway Driving Assist (which includes adaptive cruise control), power driver’s seat with lumbar support, a proximity key with push-button start, also are included.

The 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid Limited rides on 17-inch wheels, has automatic LED headlights, and comes with a power sunroof. Safety systems include blind spot warning, lane-keeping and following assist, and rear cross-traffic collision avoidance.

The 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid Limited carries a starting MSRP of $30,600, including the $1,150 destination and delivery fee. That makes it the second-most expensive Elantra behind the N trim, hut with all that standard equipment, you’ll not have to add much in the way of optional equipment.

As an option, my test 2024 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid Limited added only carpeted floor mats, making the final total $30,810.

What I liked about the 2023 Hyundai Elantra  Hybrid Limited:
The interior is roomy and the long list of standard tech features are very user-friendly with handy buttons providing easy access to get to desired modes (map, navigation, radio, media, etc.) It’s a relief that the hybrid drivetrain comes with a 6-speed dual clutch automatic transmission instead of a CVT. The auto hold function eliminates “creeping” at intersections. In addition to room for passengers, the trunk size (14.2 cubic feet) is generous for a compact.

What I didn’t like about the 2023 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid Limited: I like its exterior, but the styling may not be for everyone.

Would I buy the 2023 Hyundai Elantra Hybrid Limited? Yes!. It definitely should be on your list if you are looking for a smart, economical compact sedan and want to get away from the usual suspects.

Friday, May 31, 2024




In racing, a “dark horse” is a long shot not expected to win a race but nevertheless retains some chance for success such as Mystik Dan, who went into this year’s Kentucky Derby saddled with 18-1 odds but nosed out the other 19 competitors at the wire.

When it comes to cars, however, there is nothing long shot about the Dark Horse edition of the 2024 Ford Mustang. It is a pure winner, a real thoroughbred among performance coupes.

With the 2024 model kicking off the Mustang’s seventh generation, the Dark House joins a list of special editions that include Shelby Mustangs, Boss Mustang, Mach 1, and the Eleanor Mustang from the movie Gone in 60 Seconds.

More track-focused than other Mustang trims, the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse is just as civilized cruising city streets thanks to the various options on the custom menu selected via the handy touchscreen.

The 5.0-liter V8 engine in the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Hours sends 500 horsepower and 418 pound-feet of torque to the rear wheels via either a 6-speed manual transmission or a 10-speed automatic gear box, making it the most powerful naturally aspirated V8 Ford has ever built.

It propels the Dark Horse from zero to 60 mph in 4.1 seconds, according to the website

Ford has given the Dark Horse distinctive styling features and badging and a larger front grille to give it a somewhat menacing appearance that is backed up by a dual quad exhaust that sends off as many as four deep base tones.

The 4-cylinder Ecoboost and Ecoboost Premium trims and 480 hp V8 GT and GT Premium models are available as either a 4-passnenger coupe or convertible, but the Dark Horse, given its potential track use, is offered only as a coupe.

Standard features on the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse include LED headlights and taillights, Brembo brake calipers, push-button start, Ford’s CoPilot360 system (automatic emergency braking, pedestrian detection, adaptive cruise control, blind-spot monitoring, rear cross-traffic alert, lane-centering, and traffic sign recognition, and on models with the automatic transmission, stop-and-go adaptive cruise).

FordPass Connect with 4G Wifi is included and safety standard features in addition to those in the Ford CoPilot360 package include the usual collection of seatbelts and airbags.

Selectable drive modes (accessed by pressing the “mustang” button at the bottom of the centerstack) allow you to customize your driving experience. You have choices of Drive modes (Normal, Sport, Track, Drag, Slippery) and can turn off traction control, set suspension and steering for the track, and tune your exhaust to Normal, Sport, Track, or Quiet mode, Quiet being a relative term here.

You can even select different color schemes for displays and choose from three different versions of the instrument cluster (Normal, Sport, Calm).

Carbon fiber wheels, a special Dark Horse Handling Package (wider wheels, manually adjustable suspension, larger rear spoiler), and a Dark Horse Appearance Package (blue interior accents, black painted roof, blue brake calipers, special hood graphic) are among options exclusive to the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse.

The 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse starts at $58,935 and the Dark Horse Premium at $62.930, which is a pretty good leap over the GT Premium ($48,980). Ecoboost models rest in the $30,000 range. Exact numbers were not available on my test 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse Premium.

What I liked about the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse:
Acceleration is a major asset, of course, and you do so with a symphony of deep bass exhaust tones bathing you in sound. The interior if not of luxury standards is more sophisticated than the spartan cabin of past Mustangs. You can even set your own color scheme for the touchscreen and instrument panel. Infotainment functions are user-friendly, though I would like a knob to surf the radio dial. There is one for volume, however.

What I didn’t like about the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse: No AM radio. I realize that there are many other more popular options (FM, Sirius/XM, streaming) but AM often is used for emergency communications, and the AM band has extended range. (Which explains why that growing up Southern Indiana I could pick stations from Chicago and New Orleans when conditions were right.) Backseat riders of any size are going to have to contort themselves to get in and with only 29 inches of legroom won’t have much room when they do.

Would I buy the 2024 Ford Mustang Dark Horse? If you don’t have an interest in taking it to the track, the GT or GT Premium Mustangs are good options. But if your budget can take it, the Dark Horse will give you the most fun driving experience whether you go racing or not.

Saturday, May 18, 2024



For a 10-year period that ended late last year, Chevrolet urged us to “Find New Roads” in its advertising.

Maybe they changed it because with vehicles like the 2024 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison pickup you don’t need to bother finding any roads, let alone new ones, to get where you want to go.

Introduced as a compact pickup a couple of decades ago, the Colorado has since grown a bit to move into the midsize truck segment and a collaboration with American Expedition Vehicles, a manufacturing company specializing in aftermarket parts and accessories to increase a vehicle’s off-roading capability, has made the Colorado’s ZR2 trim a got-to-have vehicle for trail-driving enthusiasts.

Chevy flatly calls it “America’s ultimate off-road beast.”

With the additions from AEV that include upgraded front and rear bumpers and skid plates, increased fender flares to accommodate 17-inch beadlock capable wheels shod with exclusive 35-inch mud/terrain tires, multimatic jounce control dampers, and a heavy duty winch-capable front bumper, the 2024 Chevy Colorado ZR2 Bison is prepared for even more rugged terrain than little brother Trail Boss model.

The 2024 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison is not, however, a vehicle for everyone. With ground clearance increased to 12.2 inch (from 10.7 on the standard ZR2) and without convenient running boards, it is a bear to get in and out of. The placement of the spare tire in the bed smack dab against the rear of the Crew Cab cabin, cuts the view out the back dangerously by more than half. Digital rearview mirror, anyone?

But if you need a truck more for work than play, the 2024 Chevy Colorado also comes in more functional WT (for Work Truck), LT, and Z71 trims. They are available in either 2-wheel or 4-wheel drive with a turbocharged,  2.7-liter 4-cylinder tuned to either 310 horsepower and 430 pound-feet of torque or 231 hp and 569 lb.ft.

All trims get an 8-speed automatic transmission, and all are Crew Cabs with a 5-foot bed.

The 2024 Chevy Colorado ZR2 Bison, which this review is based on, gets the high-output power train that includes the 2-speed transfer case and 4-wheel drive.

Despite its rugged appeal, the 2024 Chevy Colorado ZR2 Bison comes with standard convenience features like an 11.3-inch touchscreen display that includes navigation, wireless Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, an 8-way power adjustable driver’s seat with lumbar support, tilt-and-telescoping steering wheel, and dual-zone climate control.

LED headlights and fog lights are standard, and there are rocker panel protectors on each side. Remote and push-button start are included.

Safety features include forward collision alert, front pedestrian and cyclist warning, automatic emergency braking, and lane-keep assist and departure warning, but blind zone and rear cross-traffic braking and rear parking assist come in an option Safety Package.

The base 2024 Chevy Colorado ZR2 carries a starting MSRP of $46,700 and the ZR2 Biston runs that up to $58,500 before extras and the $1,595 destination and delivery charge are added on. 

My test vehicle included an optional ZR2 Convenience Package (driver-seat memory settings, heated steering wheel, leather-appointed and ventilated front seats, and wireless charging) and other extras that included an underbody camera, adaptive cruise control, and premium sound that ran the final bottom line to $65,175.

The base Colorado starts at under $30,000 and the starting MSRP for LT and Trail Boss trims are under $40,000.

What I liked about the 2024 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison Edition: The ride is composed and quiet, especially for a truck this size. o 2.7-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder engine provides good punch and excellent towing power, though the rating for Bison models are rated slightly less than the standard ZR2 (5,500 to 6,000 pounds). Tech features are plentiful and intuitive to operate.

What I didn’t like about the 2024 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison Edition:
Getting in and out of the Crew Cabin is a nightmare, especially for those going to the back seat. Chevy has sacrificed a running board to increase ground clearance, but unless you are the size of an NBA power forward, you are going to tire quickly of climbing to get in and jumping down to get out. Putting the spare tire in the bed smack up against the rear of the cabin seriously intrudes on the rear view. The rear seat is ot very roomy with less than 35 inches of legroom. Getting into tight parking spaces is difficult. No diesel is offered.

Would I buy the 2024 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison Edition? If you  are going to do a lot of off-roading, especially through challenging terrain, this is the truck for you. Less serious off-roaders can make do with the Trail Boss trim. If you do more hauling than trail-riding, you’ll want one of the other trims as payload for the Bison is slightly less. I don’t do either so I’m personally not looking in the segment.